Using prefabrication materials, or “prefab”, dramatically speeds up construction time, lowers material costs and increases quality assurance.
Prefab describes any area of prefab house which has been assembled offsite within a factory or manufacturing facility and transported in complete or sub-assemblies on the construction site. This is a broad term and identifies several different systems or processes, including structural, architectural and services elements.
Prefabaus – the peak body for Australia’s off-site construction industry – breaks up prefab into two main families, 2D prefab and 3D prefab. They may be used along with the other, on their own or with traditional construction methods.
2D prefab consists of pre-cut, pre-sized, pre-moulded or pre-shaped components that happen to be assembled or attached to steel warehouse. They frequently arrive as flat-packed panels or non-volumetric systems, ready for assembly. They could constitute the building envelope, stair cores, internal load bearing walls or lighter partitions. They could be 98dexppky or closed panel systems, precast concrete panels or other panel types. 2D prefab is a lot easier to move, lends itself to mass customisation and contains infinite construction options, combined with speed of assembly.
3D prefab systems are three-dimensional structural units that happen to be combined at site with many other units or systems, or might comprise an entire small building. They include pods, which are generally not structural modules, for example bathroom or kitchen pods. These are a speedy way to build, as they can be manufactured concurrent with site preparation, and will arrive at your location almost complete. 3D prefab systems can be joined together to create larger spaces and they are generally increasingly demonstrating their ability to travel prefab homes. The weather of 3D prefab can be structural elements, architectural elements or services elements, or they could be a hybrid of those.